Difference between revisions of "Google"

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== Taryhy ==
[[Faýl:Google1998.png|thumb|left|Gurulan ilkinji ýyllarynda internet dizaýny üçin ulanylan [[HTML]] dili bilen Googe-yň gurujylarynyň döreden sada baş sahypasy.<ref>Williamson, Alan (12 Ýanwar 2005). [http://web.archive.org/web/20121025065917/http://alan.blog-city.com/an_evening_with_googles_marissa_mayer.htm "An evening with Google's Marissa Mayer"]. Alan Wiliamson. 25 Oktýabr 2012 taryhynda [http://alan.blog-city.com/an_evening_with_googles_marissa_mayer.htm çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 5 Iýul 2010.</ref>]]
Google-yň gurulyş prosesi 1996-njy ýylyň Ýanwar aýynda [[Kaliforniýa]]-daky [[Stanford Uniwersiteti]]-nde lukmana okuwçylary bolan [[Larry Page]] we [[Sergey Brin]]-iň barlag proýekti bilen başlady.<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20110520212930/http://www.google.com/intl/en/corporate/history.html "Google Milestones"]. ''Corporate Information''. Google, Inc. 20 Maý 2011 taryhynda [http://www.google.com/intl/en/corporate/history.html çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 28 Sentýabr 2010.</ref>
 
Tradisional gözleg motorlary bilen geçirilen gözleglerde, netijeler; gözlenen sözleriň sahypada näçe gezek görülendigi bilen hatarlanýardy, emma Google saýtlar arasy gatnaşyklaryň analizi babatda has amatly iki sistema teoriýasyny orta goýdy.<ref>Page, Lawrence; Motwani, Rajeev; Winograd, Terry (11 Noýabr 1999). [http://web.archive.org/web/20150721164042/http://ilpubs.stanford.edu:8090/422/ "The PageRank Citation Ranking: Bringing Order to the Web"]. Stanford Uniwersiteti. 21 Iýul 2015 taryhynda [http://ilpubs.stanford.edu:8090/422/ çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 15 Fewral 2010.</ref> Bu täze tehnologiýa [[PageRank]] diýip atlandyryldy, bu sistema görä sahypa hatarlarynyň hakyky saýt bilen bolan baglanyşyk öwrülmelerini belläp; saýtlar, görkezilen gyzyklanma görä hatarlanýardy.<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20110510214225/http://www.google.com:80/corporate/tech.html "Technology Overview"]. ''Corporate Information''. Google, Inc. 10 Maý 2011 taryhynda [http://www.google.com/corporate/tech.html çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 15 Fewral 2010.</ref><ref>Page, Larry (18 Awgust 1997). [http://web.archive.org/web/20020506051802/www-diglib.stanford.edu/cgi-bin/WP/get/SIDL-WP-1997-0072?1 "PageRank: Bringing Order to the Web"]. ''Stanford Digital Library Project''. 6 Maý 2002 taryhynda [http://www-diglib.stanford.edu/cgi-bin/WP/get/SIDL-WP-1997-0072?1 çeşmesinde] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 27 Noýabr 2010.</ref>
 
Kiçi bir gözleg motory bolan we [[Robin Li]] tarapyndan IDD Tehnologiýa Hyzmatlary adyna ösdürilen "[[RankDex]]", onsuz hem 1996-njy ýyldan bäri saýt derejelenmegi we sahypa hatarlary üçin meňzeş strategiýa ulanýardy.<ref>Li, Yanhong (6 Awgust 2002). [http://web.archive.org/web/20120118103932/http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/search/freesrchabstract.jsp?tp=&arnumber=707687 "Toward a qualitative search engine"]. IEEE Computer Society. s. 24–29. [[San boýunça jisim tanaýjy|doi]]:[https://doi.org/10.1109/4236.707687 10.1109/4236.707687]. [[Halkara Standart Möhletli Publikasiýa Nomeri|ISSN]] [https://www.worldcat.org/issn/1089-7801 1089-7801]. 18 Ýanwar 2012 taryhynda [http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/search/freesrchabstract.jsp?tp=&arnumber=707687 çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 14 Fewral 2010.</ref>RankDex, patentlidi<ref>Li, Yanhong (6 Iýul 1999). "Hypertext document retrieval system and method (patent no: 5920859)". IDD Enterprises, L.P.</ref> we Li-niň Hytaý-da guran [[Baidu]] adyny daşaýan gözleg motory hem bu sistema bilen işleýärdi.<ref>Greenberg, Andy (5 Oktýabr 2009). [http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2009/1005/technology-baidu-robin-li-man-whos-beating-google_2.html "The Man Who's Beating Google"]. ''Forbes Magazine''. Ýetilen taryhy: 12 Oktýabr 2010.</ref><ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20150525015816/http://www.rankdex.com:80/about.html "About: RankDex"]. RankDex.com. 25 Maý 2015 taryhynda [http://www.rankdex.com/about.html çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 12 Oktýabr 2010.</ref>
 
Page we Brin täze döreden gözleg motoryna ilkinji nolup "BackRub" adyny goýupdy, sebäbi saýtlar üçin yz baglanyşyklara gözegçilik edilmeginiň ähmiýetiniň uludygyny çak edýärdiler.<ref>Battelle, John (Awgust 2005). [http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/13.08/battelle.html?tw=wn_tophead_4 "The Birth of Google"]. ''Wired Magazine''. Ýetilen taryhy: 12 Oktýabr 2010.</ref><ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20140301214202/http://blogs.static.mentalfloss.com:80/blogs/archives/22707.html "9 People, Places & Things That Changed Their Names"]. Mental Floss. 1 Mart 2014 taryhynda [http://blogs.static.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/22707.html çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 20 Dekabr 2009.</ref><ref>[http://replay.waybackmachine.org/19961224105215/http://huron.stanford.edu/ "Backrub search engine at Stanford University"]. 24 Dekabr 1996 taryhynda [http://huron.stanford.edu/ çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 12 Mart 2011.</ref> Emma has soňra, "googol" sözüniň üstünde özboluşly harp üýtgeşmesi edilip, bu gözleg motory Google diýip atlandyryldy,<ref>Koller, David (2004 Ýanwar). [http://web.archive.org/web/20151103175652/http://graphics.stanford.edu/~dk/google_name_origin.html "Origin of the name "Google"]. Stanford Uniwersiteti. 3 Noýabr 2015 taryhynda [http://graphics.stanford.edu/~dk/google_name_origin.html çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 15 Fewral 2010.</ref><ref>Hanley, Rachael (12 Fewral 2003). [http://www.stanforddaily.com/2003/02/12/from-googol-to-google/ "From Googol to Google"]. ''Stanford Daily''. Stanford Uniwersiteti. Ýetilen taryhy: 15 Fewral 2010.</ref> Google gözleg motory bilen adamlara uly maglumat çeşmesiniň hödürlenýändigi bellemek üçin bu at goýlupdy, sebäbi [[Googol|googol]] on üsti ýüz sanyny aňlatýardy.<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/19990221202430/www.google.com/company.html "Google! Beta website"]. Google, Inc. 2 Fewral 1999 taryhynda [http://www.google.com/company.html çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 12 Oktýabr 2010.</ref> Başlangyçta Google; Stanford Uniwersiteti-niň aşaky-meýdan ady bolup google.stanford.edu meýdan adyny ulandy.<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/19981111183552/http://google.stanford.edu/ "Google! Search Engine"]. Stanford Uniwersiteti. 12 Noýabr 1998 taryhynda [http://google.stanford.edu/ çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 12 Oktýabr 2010.</ref>
 
Bu gün ulanýan meýdan ady 1997-njy ýylyň 15 Sentýabrynda işledildi<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20120520022703/http://whois.dnsstuff.com/tools/whois.ch?ip=google.com "WHOIS – google.com"]. 20 Maý 2012 taryhynda [http://whois.dnsstuff.com/tools/whois.ch?ip=google.com çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 5 Iýul 2010.</ref> we 1998-nji ýylyň 4 Sentýabrynda Google şereketi resmi bolup guruldy. Şereket merkezi dostlary [[Susan Wojcicki]]-niň<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20110520212930/http://www.google.com/intl/en/corporate/history.html "Google Milestones"]. ''Corporate Information''. Google, Inc. 20 Maý 2011 taryhynda [http://www.google.com/intl/en/corporate/history.html çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 28 Sentýabr 2010.</ref> Menlo Park, Kaliforniýa-da ýerleşýän garažy bolup bellendi. Stanford Uniwersiteti-nde lukmana eden okuwçy bolan Craig Silverstein, ilkinji işgär bolup işe alyndy.<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20110520212930/http://www.google.com/intl/en/corporate/history.html "Google Milestones"]. ''Corporate Information''. Google, Inc. 20 Maý 2011 taryhynda [http://www.google.com/intl/en/corporate/history.html çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 28 Sentýabr 2010.</ref><ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/19991002122809/www-cs-students.stanford.edu/~csilvers/ "Craig Silverstein's website"]. Stanford Uniwersiteti. 2 Oktýabr 1999 taryhynda [http://www-cs-students.stanford.edu/~csilvers/ çeşmesinden] arhiwlendi. Ýetilen taryhy: 12 Oktýabr 2010.</ref><ref>Verne, Kopytoff (7 Sentýabr 2008). [http://articles.sfgate.com/2008-09-07/news/17161124_1_larry-page-google-search-engine "Craig Silverstein grew a decade with Google"]. ''San Fransisco Chronicle''. Hearst Communications, Inc. Ýetilen taryhy: 12 Oktýabr 2010.</ref>
 
Bir ýyl öňki san bolan 931 million tekil zyýaratçy sanyndaky 8,4%-lik bir artyş bilen, 2001-nji ýylyň Maý aýynda; Google-yň tekil zyýaratçy sany ilkinji gezek 1 milliard boldy.<ref>[http://itsalltech.com/2011/06/22/googles-new-record-1-billion-visitors-in-may/ http://itsalltech.com/2011/06/22/googles-new-record-1-billion-visitors-in-may/]</ref>
=== Maliýe we ilkinji halk arzy ===
 
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