Kuran (arap. القرآن‎‎ kurän — «okamak»). Kuran Allahyň Jebraýyl perişdä Jebraýyl perişde bolsa Muhammed pygamber bölek-bölek görnüşde, birde aýat görnüşde, birde bolsa sura görnüşde indiren (wahiý) "Mukaddes Kitabydyr". Kuran 30 bölege bölünip (juz), jemi 114 suradan ybaratdyr. Kurany Muhammed pygamberiň ﷺ sahabalary ýazyp alýarlar.[1][2][3][4][5][6]The Arabic Holy Quran.pdf Musulmanlar (kyssa/nakyl medeniýeti) Gurhany ilki baş perişde Jebraýyl tarapyndan Mekgäniň Hira dagynyň gowagynda, soň bolsa ölýänçä ýigrimi üç ýyllap buýruk berendigine ynanýarlar.

Patricia Crone, Maýkl Kuk we beýleki köp sanly gözlegçiler, tekst we arheologiki gözleglere esaslanyp, "Masjid al-Haram" Arap ýarym adasynyň demirgazyk-günbatarynda ýerleşýär diýip hasaplaýarlar. (kyssa medeniýetine esaslanýan nusgawy eserlerde beýan edilişi ýaly Mekgede däl)[7][8][9][10] Dan Gibson ilkinji yslam metjidiniň we gonamçylyk ugurlarynyň Petrany görkezendigini, Muhammet alaýhyssalamyň bu ýerde ilkinji ylhamlaryny alandygyny we yslamyň şu ýerde döredilendigini aýtdy.[11]

"Hekaýa (nakyl) medeniýetine esaslanýan" eserlerden başga-da, Yslamyň taryh nukdaýnazaryndan irki taryhy (haçan ýüze çykyp, haýsy geografiýada dünýä inip dünýä ýaýrady) henizem düşnüksiz bolup galýar. Gepleşiklerde Petradan başga-da, Kufa we Hire sebitleri (Yragyň günortasy) hem görnükli sebitler.[12][13][14][15]

"Kuran" (Birmingham library, Centenary Square, Broad St, Great Britian) 52°28'47.1"N 1°54'30.4"W

"Gurhanyň sözlerine we düşündirişlerine esaslanýan" şerigat kanunlary häzirki zaman adam hukuklary, jynslaryň arasyndaky deňlik we şahsy din we söz azatlygy meselelerinde kynçylyk çekýär.[16][17][18] [19][20][21] [22][23][24][25]

Petra; Yslam taryhy we arheologiýa boýunça gözlegçiniň Dan Gibson pikiriçe, bu Muhammet ýaşlygynda ýaşap, ilkinji aýanlaryny alan ýeri. Ilkinji musulman metjitleriniň we gonamçylyklarynyň görkezişi ýaly, bu musulmanlaryň ilkinji Kibla ugrydy.[26][27]
FirstSurahKoran.jpg
Kuran
Arapça ady القرآن
Terjimesi okamak
Wahiý ýyllary 610 - 632
Sura sany 114
Aýat sany
Söz sany
Inen ýerleri Mekke, Medine...

ŞeýledeEdit

BellikEdit

  1. Арабский Коран. Электронная книга в формате PDF (размер 14 мб)
  2. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Koran
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20111227143714/http://www.nurislam.org/kuranin-yazilis-tarihi.html
  4. https://web.archive.org/web/20141018212604/http://www.sorularlaislamiyet.com/article/8422/mucizeler-kaynagi-kur-an-i-kerim-in-matematiksel-mucizesi.html
  5. http://qurango.com/
  6. http://tanzil.net/#trans/en.arberry/3:84
  7. https://bora.uib.no/bora-xmlui/bitstream/handle/1956/12367/144806851.pdf?sequence=4&isAllowed=y
  8. Meccan Trade And The Rise Of Islam, (Princeton, U.S.A: Princeton University Press, 1987
  9. https://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5006&context=edissertations
  10. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/592002
  11. Dan Gibson: Qur'ānic geography: a survey and evaluation of the geographical references in the qurãn with suggested solutions for various problems and issues. Independent Scholars Press, Surrey (BC) 2011, ISBN 978-0-9733642-8-6
  12. https://www.aymennjawad.org/23129/the-byzantine-arabic-chronicle-full-translation
  13. [1]
  14. [2]
  15. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OD7Q1uo7OoA
  16. https://www.iusinitinere.it/clash-between-sharia-law-and-human-rights-in-light-of-pace-resolution-2253-23827
  17. http://www.etc-graz.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/insan_haklar__305_n__305__anlamak_kitap_bask__305_ya_ISBNli_____kapakli.pdf
  18. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-09-29. Retrieved 2021-06-18.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  19. https://web.archive.org/web/20150403134008/https://www.suleymaniyevakfi.org/kutsanan-gelenek-ve-kuran/kurana-ve-gelenege-gore-dinden-donmenin-cezasi.html
  20. Necati Yeniel, Hüseyin Kayapınar, Sünen-i Ebu Davud Terceme ve şerhi c. 2, s. 112
  21. https://dspace.ankara.edu.tr/xmlui/bitstream/handle/20.500.12575/28046/1995.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
  22. https://sorularlaislamiyet.com/cariye-ne-demektir-ve-cariyeler-ile-cinsel-iliski-gunah-midir-0
  23. http://dergiler.ankara.edu.tr/dergiler/38/281/2556.pdf
  24. http://tez.sdu.edu.tr/Tezler/TS02507.pdf
  25. https://yeditepe.edu.tr/sites/default/files/hukuk_dergi/II-2.pdf
  26. Dan Gibson: Qur'ānic geography: a survey and evaluation of the geographical references in the qurãn with suggested solutions for various problems and issues. Independent Scholars Press, Surrey (BC) 2011, ISBN 978-0-9733642-8-6
  27. https://www.mdpi.com/2077-1444/11/3/102/htm

SalgylanmalarEdit

Kuranyň suralary
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